Vancomycin is a powerful, chlorine-containing antibiotic drug that often works when all other antibiotics fail. Vancomycin has saved the lives of patients suffering from serious, stubborn bacterial illnesses. Now, for the first time, researchers have uncovered how bacteria recognize and develop resistance to vancomycin. A research team led by Dr. Gerry Wright of McMaster University
Two of the most common “superbugs” which cause bloodstream infections are Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE).These bacteria can infect as many as one in five patients in hospital intensive care units andincrease the chances of dying by as much 25 percent. Even when they are not fatal, such infections can lengthen hospital stays by an average of seven
Noroviruses, a group of viruses which are responsible for more than half of all reported food borne gastroenteritis outbreaks, cause gastroenteritis including vomiting, diarrhea, fever, weakness, and dehydration in people of all ages. They can be spread through contact with infected people or through contaminated water, foods, or surfaces. In addition, noroviruses arevery resistant to disinfection.
Known as a “hospital superbug” because of its high antibacterial resistance, Clostridium difficile, C. difficile, is one of the most common bacterial pathogens that cause hospital-acquired infections in the country. It can cause diarrhea, colitis, and sepsis, any of which could prolong hospital stays or even cause death. Researchers found a way to reduce the acquisition of this
According to a new study reported by the ASM, hand sanitizers containing ethanol are much more effective at removing rhinovirus from hands than washing with soap and water. Hand sanitizers containing both ethanol and organic acids significantly reduced recovery of the virus from hands and rhinovirus infection up to 4 hours following use. The researchers of
In observance of National Poison Prevention Week (March 14-20), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in conjunction with the Poison Prevention Week Council, recommendslocking up household cleaners, disinfectants, solvents and other materials to reduce accidental poisoning among children. On March 15, 2010, President Obama issued a proclamation recognizing the third week of March as National Poison Prevention Week.
When children are vaccinated against the seasonal flu, the entire community benefits. A study by theNational Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) found that people living in communities in which about 80 percent of the children were vaccinated were much less likely to contract seasonal influenza, even if they themselves had not been vaccinated. This
According to a new study from the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, genetic interactions between avian influenza (H5N1) and human seasonal influenza viruses have the potential to create hybrid strains combining the virulence of bird flu with the pandemic ability ofH1N1. The study showed that in laboratory experiments with mice, a single gene segment from a human seasonal flu
According to a new study, sepsis and pneumonia, two common illnesses caused by hospital-acquired infections, killed 48,000 Americans in 2006, and cost the nation over 8 billion dollars to treat. The study, co-authored by Dr. Ramanan Laxminarayan and Dr. Anup Malani, is titled,Clinical and Economic Outcomes Attributable to Health Care – Associated Sepsis and Pneumonia, and
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, an estimated 2 million patients acquire a hospital-related infection every year and 90,000 die from that infection. The Joint Commission’s newly created Center for Transforming Healthcare is using robust process improvement methods to find the root causes of, and solutions for, dangerous and potentially deadly breakdowns